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SEETEC: Southeast European Electrical system TEChnical support project, the Balkan countries
SEETEC: Southeast European Electrical system TEChnical support project, the Balkan countries

CATEGORY: Energy, Investments, Markets, Strategy & Policy, Transmission & Distribution Networks, Power Generation, CHP, District Heating, Energy & Climate Change

LOCATION: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, North Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia

START/END: 2001-2007


CLIENT: Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)


PARTNERS: SNC Lavalin; Manitoba Hydro; SECOR Conseil; Power Budd; Stikeman Elliott; Power Pool of Alberta; Econoler International; Economic Consulting Associates



SEETEC: Southeast European Electrical system TEChnical support project, the Balkan countries

Type of Services

Services provided by LDK were included in the implementation of various SEETEC activities, such as:

  1. Analysis of various power market models and preparation of a complete set of market rules and codes for the operation of the Bosnian and Herzegovina electricity market under a liberalisation and privatisation regime - drafting of ancillary services agreements;
  2. Assistance to the Bulgarian NEK TSO unbundling: revision of the organisational structure of each business unit and its different functional groups, responsibilities, business processes, staff and key interfaces based on the final market design and its evolution in the medium term;
  3. Assistance for the preparation of a limited open access commercial environment in Bulgaria: implementation guidance to open access in the Bulgarian electricity sector, review and analysis of the tariff ordinance, drafting of the ordinance regarding eligible customers phasing in;
  4. Assistance for further liberalisation of the electricity sector in Bulgaria: market design and selection of the overall framework of codes and agreements; development of draft market rules, trading & settlement codes; adaptation of the operations codes; and revision of the pricing code;
  5. Revision of balancing market rules in Slovenia: develop clear and transparent balancing market rules, set balancing prices consistent with a well-functioning power exchange, harmonise with the grid code;
  6. Coordination for the formation of a market facilitation group aiming at information exchange between the countries about market issues, training on markets and commercial issues, assistance in the development of the required comfort level among the countries for a regional approach (in planning, operation, etc.), assistance of CEER/SETSO;
  7. Regional electricity market (REM) coordination: development of a preliminary market design for the REM in the Balkans as well as assist in preparing ToR for future work and an implementation plan;
  8. Study on the obstacles to trade and compatibility of market rules in the Energy Community, aiming to identify and document the nature of the most critical trading obstacles at the wholesale and retail level; and propose practical, short to medium-term corrective measures and recommendations to remove those obstacles;
  9. SE Europe sub-regional balancing market pilot project, aiming to encourage suppliers to group imbalances and to trade them away as close to real time as possible, by bringing dispersed resources together to the benefit of all market participants in one sub-region and thus reducing the total cost of provision of balancing services, and mitigating the dominance of a single company providing balancing services.



The project aimed to foster economic growth in South-eastern Europe by improving the management, delivery and rational use of electricity in the region. Consultancy assignment included provision of technical support in order to create vibrant market economies in the Balkan region, foster economic cooperation and create the conditions for the full integration of nine countries of SE Europe into the political, economic and security structure of their choice. Technical Assistance was provided to the beneficiary countries in respect to:

  • restoring and further enhancing regional co-operation in electricity as a means of better meeting their needs in electricity;
  • carrying out, completing and/or adjusting reforms of the electricity sector;
  • completing the rehabilitation and upgrading of generation units and restoring and expanding transmission;
  • developing and implementing optimum strategies for further development of their electrical systems;
  • developing and implementing optimum strategies for integrating Climate Change commitments and environmental obligations into the above objectives, as well as taking advantage of mechanisms existing in the various world wide agreements on Climate Change.


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