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Support to SWM in Jordanian Communities Hosting Syrian Refugees, Jordan
Support to SWM in Jordanian Communities Hosting Syrian Refugees, Jordan

CATEGORY: Environment




CLIENT: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

ORIGIN OF FUNDING: European Commission



Support to SWM in Jordanian Communities Hosting Syrian Refugees, Jordan

Type of Services

Component 1 – RSWMP of North Region of Jordan

  • The formulation of the general objectives that the country should achieve in MSWM sector, in a twenty years horizon;
  • The specialization of the general objectives in specific objectives, policies, measures, and actions/investments, rationally allocated in three time periods, in a way that serve the following imperative needs that are currently entailed as follows:
  • The Kingdom’s urgent need to face the extraordinary conditions created by the influx of refugees and the dramatic reversal of waste production data
  • The necessity to allow sufficient time for adequate preparation and maturation of actions and projects that should be implemented for achieving the objectives.
  • The costing of policies, measures and investments for which cost estimation is possible and needed at the level of national strategy planning, such as the new treatment and final disposal plants.

Component 2

The main objective is to prepare a long-term viable project that minimizes adverse environmental and health impacts from the existing open landfill and WW ponds and improve the service level of the Akaider site through introducing proper SWM techniques and infrastructure and finally through this, to establish Akaider disposal site a cost effective and efficient asset, in order to ensure its viability. The consultant is expected to recommend appropriate organizational management systems, cost recovery mechanisms, tariff structures and cost recovery targets for solid waste collection services, transfer, and environmentally acceptable disposal in accordance with the provisions of the NS and the RSWMP.

More specifically, the updated FS study will:

  • Review all post FS activities in relation to:
  • The current state of environmental impacts by the onsite disposal practices
  • The basic remediation measures that need to take place for the areas that are currently out of operation (closed) or need to be closed due to unsanitary practices;
  • The alternative options proposed for solid waste management schemes that will include remediation of the site’s potential pollution sources and the facilities that will manage the municipal waste streams and promote the targets of reduction – recycling – reuse, as well as the olive oil wastewater quantities that will be produced in the project area, over the 20 years period of study;
  • Update the following items:
  • Designs (detailed design level up to tender stage) for:
  • Closure and rehabilitation of the open dump site according to National/EU legislation;
  • Rehabilitation of wastewater ponds (both mixed industrial and olive oil mill wastewater);
  • Extended sanitary landfill in order to accommodate all MSW quantities to be produced over the 20yrs design period with all infrastructure facilities (excavations - configuration of bottom, hydraulic barriers / liners /multiplayer isolation of waste from the subsurface, leachate collection and management (treatment), biogas collection and management - flaring /energy recovery potential, flood prevention measures (trenches), internal - temporary access road network, environmental monitoring system, machinery and equipment, fire-prevention measures, etc);.Those will need to take into account the two emergency cells currently under implementation by UNDP and EU;
  • The preferred solution for management (disposal or/and treatment) of the olive oil mill WW, produced over the 20yrs period of study;
  • Supplementary infrastructure facilities (pilot scale) including separation - recycling facilities, composting plant;  
  • Proposals for amending institutional arrangements that would fully support project implementation and, over the longer term, cost-effective and sustainable SWM;
  • Financial analysis of existing and projected collection, transport/transfer and disposal systems taking into account capital, operating and maintenance costs of the proposed (and currently under-going) facilities; and
  • Analysis of the feasibility of full cost recovery or partial cost recovery alternatives thereto and suggest affordable pricing or rate structures.
  • Update of the environmental and social impact assessment commissioned by UNDP

Staff provided:

-    Mr. Constantinos Nicolopoulos, Team Leader
-    Mr George Tsivilis, SWM Planner / Financial Expert
-    Mr Christos Stathis, SWM Engineer
-    Ms Eleni Avramidi, SWM, GIS Expert
-    Mr. Manolis Chatzakis, Industrial Wastewater Expert
-    Firas M. Obeidat, E&M Installation works
-    Isra'a A. Al-Turk, Legal and Institutional Expert
-    Marwan Al-Raggad – Geology – Geotechnics Expert


The overall objective of the project is as follows:

  • To assist GIZ GmbH with the implementation of the first step of the provisions proposed by the National Strategy for Municipal Solid Waste in the northern Region in relation to the preparation of Regional Solid Waste Management Plans (RSWMPs) for one the three Regions of Jordan (North Region).
  • To assist GIZ GmbH with updating the Al Ekaider site feasibility study prepared in 2012 (under MeHSIP-PPIF Programme) in order to propose long-term viable solution for managing the solid waste generated in the waste catchment area in an integrated way and in alignment with the provisions of the National Strategy and the Regional Solid Waste Management Plan in the North.

The above mentioned needs will be implemented through two distinctive phases:

  • The inception phase, where the scope and components of the particular project are defined with consideration to development needs strategic plans and local context. The completion of this phase will be a milestone in the project planning, which will be agreed with all involved parties (stakeholders) and will form the basis of the formulation step to follow; and
  • The formulation phase, where the relevance and feasibility of the project is assessed and preparations are made for the detailed design and tendering stage.

By updating the aforementioned FS, proper, sanitary and integrated SWM practices are aimed to be introduced in the governorate of Irbid through necessary technical, institutional and infrastructure measures at the Al Ekaider site to ensure the application of international standards and practices of sanitary landfilling that is environmentally and financially sustainable. These should ensure:

  • Closure /rehabilitation of existing dumpsite and waste water treatment ponds to minimize the adverse environmental and health impact from the site;
  • Construction of an extended sanitary landfill, where the first cell will be included in this project, to ensure environmentally sound and hygienic waste disposal;
  • Establish a landfill gas management and utilization system at the site;
  • Assess the need of supplementary improvement works on existing or/and construct new transfer stations;
  • Assess the opportunity for further involvement of the private sector in the operation of the landfill;
  • Construct complementary waste treatment facilities (pilot scale), at the site; and
  • Identify appropriate institutional, operational and financial set-up for a sustainable management of the new landfill and potential waste treatment facilities;   
  • Maximize utilization of the existing – on-going emergency response upgrades aiming on overall refurbishment of facilities and constructing two emergency landfill cells funded by UNDP and EU respectively.

The purposes of the consultancy services include of the following:
Purpose 1

  • To optimize the map of SWM service areas and he respective SWM bodies/operators in the northern region
  • To identify investments and accompanying measures, needed for the implementation of the NSWMS in the northern region
  • To set location criteria for new disposal facilities in the northern region.
  • To estimate key financial figures (investment cost, revenue, operating costs) of the proposed investments in the northern region
  • To undertake prefeasibility studies for 2 landfill sites in the North and/or Center (to be determined jointly with the Ministry of Municipal Affairs) including preliminary design / environmental and social impact assessment.

Purpose 2

  • To assess the current state of environmental impacts from the Al Akaider site according to updated disposal practices for solid waste disposal and review the post FS efforts that have been prepared under various funding agencies and donors programmes;
  • To identify and evaluate all relevant legislative framework for SWM that are currently in power and or foreseen in line with the proposals of the NS;
  • To identify and assess possible relevance and compliance to the project of other regional /local strategic development plans; institutional and financial capacity and local enabling and inhibiting factors;
  • To prepare a basic strategic planning framework to investigate the needs and demands that need to be served (in terms of SWM) for a given design period (indicative time: 20 yrs) in line with the outcomes of the RSWMP, taking also in account the Syrian Crisis burden of the catchment area;
  • To evaluate and update if needed the technical solutions (designs) for closing and rehabilitating the uncontrolled dumpsite, and introducing sound environmental practices, in order to eliminate /minimise the environmental – hygiene potential risks;  
  • To identify the basic remediation measures needed, review the measures proposed for the WW ponds and update accordingly (if needed);
  • To update the FS proposal for an extended sanitary landfill and introduce sanitary landfill practices at Al-Akaider site that would ensure proper disposal and reduce adverse impacts on the environment, introducing also modern infrastructure (pilot scale) for waste separation and recycling/recovery, taking also into account the post FS efforts by various IFIs and donors and especially the two emergency landfill cells currently planned under Canadian and EU funds;  
  • To update the feasibility study required for implementation works that would include the following:
  • Update the assessment of the current situation and future demands (in line with the RSWMP),
  • Review and update of the analysis of technical options of all project components
  • Review and update of the FS preliminary design for the a) closure and remediation of the uncontrolled landfill, b) construction of an extended sanitary landfill and identify the needs for supplementary works, c) construction of appropriate infrastructure for waste separation and recycling/recovery,
  • Review and update the: a) alternative solutions to rehabilitate the wastewater (mixed industrial and olive oil mill) evaporation ponds, b) planning of olive oil mill wastewater handling (e.g. extension of UNDP pond, utilization of a second pond for disposal, joint treatment with the leachate treatment plant that will be proposed in the context of the extended sanitary landfill)  
  • Preliminary cost estimates (CAPEX, O&M costs) for the selected project options
  • To identify necessary institutional requirements and associated TA needs to improve the cost effectiveness and efficiency, as well as service level, of SWM system at Al-Akaider;
  • To develop a commercial strategy for tendering the operation of the Al-Akaider facilities that will optimise financing of required improvements, maximize cost benefit to the JSC and the serviced population and ensure a fair and transparent process, all agreed with municipal stakeholders;
  • To prepare an updated project implementation plan for the whole duration of the project until the completion of construction and start of operation.
  • Procurement plan which provide useful input for the necessary tender documentation for the construction and supervision of the whole project; and
  • To prepare Request For Proposal (RFP) documentation for the infrastructure components

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